While there is no cure for HIV or AIDS there has been some great strides made in the treatments of both of these diseases over the last few years. There are a collection of drugs called anti-HIV drugs each with their own benefits.
NNRTIs are non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. This helps to stop a HIV protein from duplicating itself.
Nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTs) are faulty building blocks. HIV needs building blocks to duplicate and these NRTS which are faulty replace the ones being produced by the HIV.
Protease is a protein that HIV duplicates and produces copies of it and there are treatments called Protease inhibitors that help to stop this.
The virus enters the CD4 cells of the body and there are drugs called Entry or fusion inhibitors that will help to prevent this. The HIV virus uses a protein called integrase to get its genetic structures into the CD4 cells and to help stop this the medication that is used is called integrase inhibitors.
The Doctors treating the individual will determine which of these drugs or a combination of them will be used according to what the test results show. Every person affected with the virus is different and requires their own planned course of treatment. It will depend on the symptoms and the stage of the disease as to what are the best treatments to use.
It is highly important that those that are being treated take their medications on a regular basis as prescribed and that they continuously follow up with their health care provider. These drugs as well as other treatments for possible complications have brought some excellent results to HIV sufferers.
One of things that has to be watched for is the interaction of the HIV treatment drugs with other drugs that are being used for treating other diseases and illnesses that the individual may also have.